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Lantern

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Lantern - 翻墙软件


Introduction

Lantern是一款翻墙软件,可作为 Tor 网桥的替代品。

TODO: 待扩展

用 Lantern 作为Tor的前置代理

仅供实验者尝试!

用 Lantern 可以作为Tor的前置代理建立如下隧道:
User -> Lantern -> Tor -> Internet

如果你想尝试,请跟随以下引导。

Qubes-Whonix only! Non-Qubes-Whonix不支持的.

如果你想尝试,推荐您先阅读如下相关Wiki: Tunnels/Introduction

对于现阶段存在的限制,请看博文/论坛讨论:
https://www.whonix.org/blog/connecting-to-lantern-before-tor

创建一个新的独立的叫做 Lantern-Gateway 的ProxyVM ,其模板基于 Debian-8 template.

在 Lantern-Gateway ProxyVM中, Template:卸载防火墙

在Lantern-Gateway ProxyVM 中, IP Forwarding 可以/应该被禁用,因为其是无必要的。

sudo sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_forward=0

安装缺失的Lantern依赖模块。TODO[1]

sudo apt-get install libappindicator3-1

检查一下可供下载的deb包是否还能凑合用。去 https://getlantern.org/ 下载之。

curl {{Curl Secure}} https://s3.amazonaws.com/lantern/lantern-installer-beta-64-bit.deb --output ~/lantern-installer-beta-64-bit.deb

安装 lantern。 TODO[2]

sudo dpkg -i ~/lantern-installer-beta-64-bit.deb

让Lantern共享翻墙通道,以便sys-whonix使用.

lantern -addr 0.0.0.0:8788

[3]

关闭(正在运行的) sys-whonix。将 sys-whonix的 NetVM 设置为 Lantern-Gateway。重启 sys-whonix。

[4]

在 sys-whonix中 Template:打开 /etc/tor/torrc

以下使用10.137.11.1仅是举一个例子。 你需要将 10.137.11.1 替换为你 Lantern-Gateway ProxyVM的IP。 你可以通过在sys-whonix中运行以下命令行来找到其IP。 qubesdb-read /qubes-gateway

HTTPSProxy 10.137.11.1:8788

TODO[5]

Reload Tor.

After editing /etc/tor/torrc you must reload Tor so your changes take effect. (Note: if after completing all these steps and you are not able to connect to Tor, you have most likely done something wrong. Go back and check your /etc/tor/torrc and redo the steps outlined in the sections above. If your are able to connect to Tor, then you have completed your changes correctly.)

For Qubes-Whonix, complete the following steps:

Qubes App Launcher (blue/grey "Q") -> Whonix-Gateway ProxyVM (commonly named 'sys-whonix') -> Reload Tor

For graphical Whonix-Gateway, complete the following steps:

Start Menu -> Applications -> Settings -> Reload Tor

For terminal-only Whonix-Gateway, press on expand on the right.

Complete the following steps:

Reload Tor.

sudo service tor@default reload

Check Tor's daemon status.

sudo service tor@default status

It should include a a message saying.

Active: active (running) since ...

In case of issues, try the following debugging steps.

Check Tor's config.

sudo -u debian-tor tor --verify-config

Should show something like the following.

Sep 17 17:40:41.416 [notice] Read configuration file "/etc/tor/torrc".
Configuration was valid

大功告成。Tor现在已经使用Lantern作为前置代理。

注脚

  1. TODO debian/control 应当声明一个依赖。 检查以下看看Lantern开发者是否意识到了这个问题,然后如果有必要的话报告一个bug.
  2. TODO: 检查lantern开发中是否已经存在如下tickets。如果没有,请创建它们。如果已经存在,请将其链接到注脚这里。
  3. 在Lantern-Gateway中, 检查lantern的 http 端口是否可用。
    curl --tlsv1 --proto =https --proxytunnel --proxy 127.0.0.1:8788 https://check.torproject.org
    

    在Lantern-Gateway中,检查 lantern的socks端口是否可用。

    curl {{Curl Secure}} --socks5-hostname socks5h://127.0.0.1:8788 https://check.torproject.org
    
  4. 在sys-whonix中,测试Tor是否可以使用Lantern共享的http代理。
    curl.anondist-orig --tlsv1 --proto =https --proxytunnel --proxy 10.137.11.1:8788 https://check.torproject.org
    

    在sys-whonix中,测试Tor是否可以使用Lantern共享的socks代理。

    curl.anondist-orig {{Curl Secure}} --socks5-hostname socks5h://10.137.11.1:8788 https://check.torproject.org
    
  5. TODO: 使其使用sock协议工作。 根据 https://github.com/getlantern/lantern/issues/2075 lantern 已经功能支持socks端口了。 Issues 已开启: https://github.com/getlantern/lantern/issues/4838
    Socks5Proxy 10.137.11.1:8788
    

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