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From Whonix


Software-557615640.jpg

Warning[edit]

Ambox warning pn.svg.png It is estimated that within 10 to 15 years, Quantum Computers will break today's common asymmetric public-key cryptography algorithms used for web encryption (https), e-mail encryption (GnuPG...), SSH and other purposes. See Post-Quantum Cryptography (PQCrypto).

Accessibility[edit]

On-screen Keyboard[edit]

Florence homepage [archive] (Debian package [archive]) is an extensible, scalable, virtual (on-screen) keyboard. [1]

To install it: Start menuSystemXfce Terminal

Install florence at-spi2-core.

1. Update the package lists.

sudo apt update

2. Upgrade the system.

sudo apt full-upgrade

3. Install the florence at-spi2-core package.

Using apt command line parameter --no-install-recommends is in most cases optional.

sudo apt install --no-install-recommends florence at-spi2-core

4. Done.

The procedure of installing florence at-spi2-core is complete.

[2]

Figure: Florence Software in Whonix ™

Florence.png

Audio, Image and Video[edit]

Audio Recorder and Editor[edit]

Audacity homepage [archive] (Debian package [archive]).

To install it: Start menuSystemXfce Terminal

Install audacity.

1. Update the package lists.

sudo apt update

2. Upgrade the system.

sudo apt full-upgrade

3. Install the audacity package.

Using apt command line parameter --no-install-recommends is in most cases optional.

sudo apt install --no-install-recommends audacity

4. Done.

The procedure of installing audacity is complete.

Figure: Audacity Software in Whonix ™

Audacity.png

Image and PDF Viewer[edit]

Ristretto [archive] (Debian package [archive]) and xpdf [archive] (Debian package [archive]) come pre-installed in Whonix ™.

Start menuGraphicsImage Viewer

Figure: Ristretto Software in Whonix ™

Ristretto.png

Figure: xpdf Software in Whonix ™

Xpdf.png

Screenshot Creator and Image Editor[edit]

Qubes info box Non-Qubes-Whonix ™ only! [3]
In Qubes, screenshots only work in dom0 (System ToolsScreenshot) and this applies to the entire platform, including Qubes-Whonix ™.

Flameshot homepage [archive] (Debian package [archive]).

To install it: Start menuSystemXfce Terminal

Install flameshot.

1. Update the package lists.

sudo apt update

2. Upgrade the system.

sudo apt full-upgrade

3. Install the flameshot package.

Using apt command line parameter --no-install-recommends is in most cases optional.

sudo apt install --no-install-recommends flameshot

4. Done.

The procedure of installing flameshot is complete.

Figure: Flameshot Software in Whonix ™

Flameshot.png

Video Editor[edit]

Flowblade homepage [archive] (Debian package [archive]).

To install it: Start menuSystemXfce Terminal

Install flowblade.

1. Update the package lists.

sudo apt update

2. Upgrade the system.

sudo apt full-upgrade

3. Install the flowblade package.

Using apt command line parameter --no-install-recommends is in most cases optional.

sudo apt install --no-install-recommends flowblade

4. Done.

The procedure of installing flowblade is complete.

Figure: Flowblade Software in Whonix ™

Flowblade.png

Video Recorder[edit]

vokoscreen homepage [archive] (Debian package [archive]).

To install it: Start menuSystemXfce Terminal

Install vokoscreen.

1. Update the package lists.

sudo apt update

2. Upgrade the system.

sudo apt full-upgrade

3. Install the vokoscreen package.

Using apt command line parameter --no-install-recommends is in most cases optional.

sudo apt install --no-install-recommends vokoscreen

4. Done.

The procedure of installing vokoscreen is complete.

Figure: vokoscreen Software in Whonix ™

Vokoscreen.png

Another good option is gtk-recordmydesktop [archive] (Debian package [archive]). [4]

To install it: Start menuSystemXfce Terminal

Install gtk-recordmydesktop.

1. Update the package lists.

sudo apt update

2. Upgrade the system.

sudo apt full-upgrade

3. Install the gtk-recordmydesktop package.

Using apt command line parameter --no-install-recommends is in most cases optional.

sudo apt install --no-install-recommends gtk-recordmydesktop

4. Done.

The procedure of installing gtk-recordmydesktop is complete.

Figure: RecordMyDesktop Software in Whonix ™

Recordmydesktop.png

Communications[edit]

E-Mail[edit]

See E-Mail.

Instant Messengers[edit]

qTox [archive] comes pre-installed in Whonix ™.

IRC Client[edit]

HexChat (Debian package [archive]) is pre-installed in Whonix ™.

XMPP/Jabber Client[edit]

TODO

Encryption[edit]

OpenPGP (GnuPG Frontend)[edit]

OpenPGP can be used to encrypt, decrypt, sign, and verify text. GPA [archive] and GnuPG [archive] come pre-installed in Whonix ™ (Debian packages [archive]).

Documentation:

Figure: GnuPG Software in Whonix ™

Gnupg.png

Entertainment[edit]

Media Player[edit]

VLC Media Player Icon

The VLC Media Player Icon VLC Media Player [archive] (Debian package [archive]) is pre-installed in Whonix ™. There are no increased fingerprinting risks because VLC does not run Javascript [archive]. [5]

Start menuMultimediaVLC Media Player

Figure: VLC Software in Whonix ™

Vlc.png

Miscellaneous[edit]

Calculator[edit]

galculator homepage [archive] (Debian package [archive]).

To install it: Start menuSystemXfce Terminal

Install galculator.

1. Update the package lists.

sudo apt update

2. Upgrade the system.

sudo apt full-upgrade

3. Install the galculator package.

Using apt command line parameter --no-install-recommends is in most cases optional.

sudo apt install --no-install-recommends galculator

4. Done.

The procedure of installing galculator is complete.

Figure: galculator Software in Whonix ™

Galculator.png

File Manager[edit]

Thunar Icon

Thunar is pre-installed. To launch it:

Start menuSystemThunar

Figure: Thunar Software in Whonix ™

Thunar2.png

Task Manager[edit]

There many choices. Unspecific to Whonix ™. Here are two taskmanager graphical user interface (GUI) examples.

Install xfce4-taskmanager.

1. Update the package lists.

sudo apt update

2. Upgrade the system.

sudo apt full-upgrade

3. Install the xfce4-taskmanager package.

Using apt command line parameter --no-install-recommends is in most cases optional.

sudo apt install --no-install-recommends xfce4-taskmanager

4. Done.

The procedure of installing xfce4-taskmanager is complete.

Install ksysguard.

1. Update the package lists.

sudo apt update

2. Upgrade the system.

sudo apt full-upgrade

3. Install the ksysguard package.

Using apt command line parameter --no-install-recommends is in most cases optional.

sudo apt install --no-install-recommends ksysguard

4. Done.

The procedure of installing ksysguard is complete.

Popular taskmanager command line utilities include:

  • top
  • htop
  • ps
  • pstree
  • pgrep

Task killing can also be done on the command line.

  • kill
  • killall

Terminal[edit]

xfce4-terminal-emulator icon

Xfce-Terminal homepage [archive] (Debian package [archive]). Xfce-Terminal is pre-installed in Whonix ™.

To start it: Start menuSystemXfce Terminal

Figure: Xfce Terminal in Whonix ™

Xfceterminal.png

Text Editor[edit]

Open File as Regular User[edit]

mousepad is installed by default.

Replace /path/to/file with the actual file name.

mousepad /path/to/file

Open File with Root Rights[edit]

Prefer sudoedit for better security. [6]

Replace /path/to/file with the actual file name.

sudoedit /path/to/file

To use a different editor, replace mousepad with the name of the editor you wish to use.

SUDO_EDITOR=mousepad sudoedit /path/to/file

Work on Sensitive Documents[edit]

Office Suite[edit]

LibreOffice homepage [archive] (Debian package [archive]) [7] is recommended. It is a fully-featured office productivity suite that provides a near drop-in replacement for Microsoft (R) Office. A word processor is included, along with spreadsheet and presentation applications.

To install it: Start menuSystemXfce Terminal

Install libreoffice.

1. Update the package lists.

sudo apt update

2. Upgrade the system.

sudo apt full-upgrade

3. Install the libreoffice package.

Using apt command line parameter --no-install-recommends is in most cases optional.

sudo apt install --no-install-recommends libreoffice

4. Done.

The procedure of installing libreoffice is complete.

To launch these applications: Start menuOffice

Figure: LibreOffice Software in Whonix ™

Libreoffice.png

Printing and Scanning[edit]

See Printing and Scanning.

Publishing[edit]

Scribus homepage [archive] (Debian package [archive]) is an open source desktop page layout accessible from the desktop menu (ApplicationsGraphics). It can be used for many tasks; from booklets design to newspapers, magazines, newsletters and posters to technical documentation.

Scribus has sophisticated page layout features like precision placing and rotating of text and/or images on a page, manual kerning of type, bezier curves polygons, precision placement of objects, layering with RGB and CMYK custom colors. The Scribus document file format is XML-based. Unlike proprietary binary file formats, even damaged documents can be recovered with a simple text editor.

To install it: Start menuSystemXfce Terminal

Install scribus.

1. Update the package lists.

sudo apt update

2. Upgrade the system.

sudo apt full-upgrade

3. Install the scribus package.

Using apt command line parameter --no-install-recommends is in most cases optional.

sudo apt install --no-install-recommends scribus

4. Done.

The procedure of installing scribus is complete.

Figure: Scribus Software in Whonix ™

Scribus.png

scurl: SSL Command Line Downloader[edit]

To securely download files or webpages from the Internet on the command line, scurl is pre-installed in Whonix ™. scurl should be preferred over wget, since the former enforces strong encryption and is less buggy. See also Secure Downloads.

To invoke scurl to download a file, use the following syntax and replace the example URL with the file's location.

scurl https://dist.torproject.org/torbrowser/9.5/tor-browser-linux64-9.5_en-US.tar.xz

This will download tor-browser-linux64-9.5_en-US.tar.xz to the current working directory.

Refer to the scurl entry for further examples and a complete description of this tool.

Figure: scurl Command in Whonix ™

Scurltorbrowser.png

Additional Software[edit]

If the recommendations in this section are unsatisfactory, additional applications can be easily installed in a few steps; see Install Software.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. Florence homepage [archive]:

    It is useful when a real keyboard is unusable either because of a handicap, disease, broken keyboard or tablet PC; but when a pointing device is usable. Florence stays out of your way: it appears on the screen only when needed. An auto-click functionality also help people having difficulties to click buttons.

  2. The Assistive Technology Service Provider Interface (at-spi2-core [archive]) is apparently a Florence dependency, since in testing it did not work without this package.
  3. Non-Qubes-Whonix ™ means all Whonix ™ platforms except Qubes-Whonix ™. This includes Whonix ™ KVM, Whonix ™ VirtualBox and Whonix ™ Physical Isolation.
  4. See also: RecordMyDesktop in Wikipedia with screenshot [archive].
  5. However, unrestricted access to the large number of codecs, along with the gstreamer and ffmpeg frameworks can expose the system to remote attacks. The risk is greater than with Tor Browser because the latter attempts to restrict codecs to a particular subset. No cookies are stored by VLC and no information is collected and sent to third parties [archive]; see the Original Whonix forum thread [archive].
  6. https://forums.whonix.org/t/use-sudoedit-in-whonix-documentation/7599 [archive]
  7. See also: LibreOffice in Wikipedia [archive].

License[edit]

Whonix ™ Software wiki page Copyright (C) Amnesia <amnesia at boum dot org>
Whonix ™ Software wiki page Copyright (C) 2012 - 2021 ENCRYPTED SUPPORT LP <adrelanos@whonix.org>

This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details see the wiki source code.
This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions; see the wiki source code for details.



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