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Template:Build Documentation Build Package

Get Build Dependencies[edit]

Update your package lists.
sudo apt-get update

Install from Debian repository.
sudo apt-get install devscripts dh-apparmor faketime git

Install genmkfile. Either,

  • a) from source code (see footnote on how to do that) [1] or alternatively,
  • b) if you are already using Whonix, you could easily install it from Whonix repository:

sudo apt-get install genmkfile

Get the Source Code[edit]

Update your package lists.

sudo apt-get update

Install git.

sudo apt-get install git

Get the the package's source code.

git clone https://github.com/Whonix/{{{package}}}.git

Remember it's Whonix, not whonix! If you are prompted for a username for github, it means you have mistyped the web address.

Get the Signing Key[edit]

This chapter is recommended for better security, but not strictly required. (See Trust)

1. Download {{{fullname}}} OpenPGP key. {{{link}}}

(If you are already using Whonix, this can be simplified. See footnotes. [2])

2. Store it as {{{shortname}}}.asc.

3. Import the key:

gpg --import {{{shortname}}}.asc

4. Verify the key using this fingerprint:

gpg --fingerprint {{{longfingerprint}}}

Should show:


5. Only getting the signing key from one source. For better security, Learn about Whonix Signing Key.

Change Directory[edit]

Get into the package's source code folder.

cd {{{package}}}

OpenPGP Verify the Source Code[edit]

This chapter is recommended for better security, but not strictly required.[3]

Get a list of available git tags.

git tag

Verify the tag you want to build. Replace with tag you want to build.

git tag -v {{{version}}}

Output should look similar to this.

object 1844108109a5f2f8bddcf2257b9f3675be5cfb22 type commit tag {{{version}}} tagger Patrick Schleizer <adrelanos@riseup.net> 1392320095 +0000

. gpg: Signature made Thu 13 Feb 2014 07:34:55 PM UTC using RSA key ID 77BB3C48 gpg: Good signature from "Patrick Schleizer <adrelanos@riseup.net>" [ultimate]

The warning.

gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature! gpg: There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner.

Is explained on the Whonix Signing Key page and can be ignored.

Choose Version[edit]

Git checkout, which version (or git branch) you want to build.

In case you want to build a specific git tag.

git checkout

You have to replace with the actual version you want to build. The stable version, the testers-only version or the developers version. Common sense is required while choosing the right version number. For example, the biggest version number is not necessarily the most recommended / latest stable version. You can learn about current versions reading Whonix News Blogs. New versions are also announced on the whonix-devel mailing list. So you could alternatively check its archives. Signing up for whonix-devel is another way to get informed about new releases.

Clean up and Sanitize[edit]

This is also important for security.

Get a list of eventually extraneous files and folders. [4]

git clean -ndff

And look if that looks sane. (Generally should, unless you are modifying Whonix's source code, then you should understand git a bit better and know what you are doing.) If it looks like the following, everything is fine.

Would remove packages/apparmor-profile-gwenview/
Would remove packages/kde-privacy/

Now get rid of these folders.

git clean -dff

Should show.

Removing packages/apparmor-profile-gwenview/
Removing packages/kde-privacy/

Make sure you have checked out the right commit for each git submodule.

git submodule update --init --recursive

Check if there are no extraneous files. This is important for security.

git status

Should only show and nothing else.

# Not currently on any branch.
nothing to commit (working directory clean)

Otherwise we'd need to get rid of these files first.

Build and Install the Package[edit]

Build the package without signing it (not required for personal use) and install it.


make deb-icup

Of if you want to install with debugging enabled, click on expand on the right.

export DEBDEBUG=1
make deb-icup

Clean Up[edit]

Clean up temporary files debhelper files in package source folder as well as debhelper artifacts (.deb file etc.) in parent folder.

make deb-cleanup


  1. You can use the same instructions as on this page. Just replace the package name to genmkfile.
    git clone https://github.com/Whonix/genmkfile.git
    cd genmkfile
    make deb-icup
  2. Step 1, 2 and 3 can be done by just one command.
    gpg --import /usr/share/whonix/whonix-keys.d/patrick.asc
  3. See Trust.
  4. There currently is a small issue. (A limitation of git.)

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