Whonix for macOS: Download and Installation

From Whonix
Jump to navigation Jump to search
macOS

Whonix for Apple macOS

Select your hardware platform below.

For Mac computers with an Intel processor, Whonix can be run inside VirtualBox.

Follow the documentation on the VirtualBox wiki page.

Whonix on Apple Silicon

For Mac M1, M2, ...

Whonix is not yet available for Mac M1, M2, ... No ETA (estimated time of arrival). No need to ask for status updates. Any updates would certainly posted in the usual channels, see Stay Tuned.

Info At time of writing, running Whonix on Apple Silicon is still for developers only!

About this For Whonix on Apple Silicon Chapter
Contributor maintained wiki page.
Support Status Unmaintained. Development stalled.
Difficulty hard
Contributor Past: Gavin Paciniarchive.org / Current: none
Support Whonix on Mac M1 (ARM)archive.org

First things first

  • Right now, you need to build Whonix using the build script to get it running on Apple Silicon.
  • This can be improved in the future. If you want to help, please visit this forum threadarchive.org.

1. Environment Setup

  • download UTMarchive.org and install

and follow these instructions to install your own Debian arm64 based VM

  • Debian bookworm netinstall disc image
  • open UTM
  • click "Create a new virtual machine"
  • click "Virtualize"
  • click "Linux"
  • click "browse" and select the downloaded netinstall image iso file
  • and then click "Next"
  • on the "Hardware" screen just leave the defaults (4 GB RAM, 4 cores). GPU acceleration is not recommended at this time as it crashes randomly.
  • and then click "Next"
  • on "Storage" click "Next"
  • click "Browse". Choose the directory that you want the built Whonix images to end up in.
  • and then click "Next"
  • verify settings on the "Summary" page and then click "Save"
  • start the new VM and install linux by following the instructions on screen.
  • once installation is finished boot into VM again.
  • open a terminal and run sudo apt install spice-vdagent spice-webdavd dosfstools
  • change VM hostname to host

Double click the utm file to import it.

2. Initial Build

Follow the build documentation here and be sure to set build parameters:

  • --arch arm64 and --target utm when running the build script as part of the Dev/Build_Documentation/VM#VM_Creation step.
  • --tb open will result in tb-updater (update-torbrowser) (Tor Browser Downloader by Whonix developers) attempting to download Tor Browser during the build process but fail open (continue the build without error) should the download fail.
  • --repo true will result in Project-APT-Repository being enabled.
  • --vmsize defines the size of the virtual hard drive.
    • --vmsize 15G will create 15 GB disk size for the gateway.
    • --vmsize 25G will create 25 GB disk size for the workstation.
    • These numbers are arbitrarily chosen and not yet optimized. Feel free to use higher disk sizes. Lower disk sizes are ok too. In worst case, the build will fail or the disk will full up.
    • It is possible to Kicksecure logo increase the virtual hard disk size later. The Web Archive Onion Version

Build commands should Look similar to:

  • ~/derivative-maker/derivative-maker --flavor whonix-gateway-xfce --target utm --arch arm64 --tb open --repo true --vmsize 15G
  • ~/derivative-maker/derivative-maker --flavor whonix-workstation-xfce --target utm --arch arm64 --tb open --repo true --vmsize 25G

Provided you have built correctly, you will now have two .tar.gz files in the ~/derivative-binary (they will look something like Whonix-<flavour>-Xfce-17.1.1.5.utm.tar.gz), one for the Workstation and one for the Gateway.

  • move the .tar.gz files into the shared folder, so they are transferred to your Mac.

3. Import utm files

  • unzip the tar.gz files
  • double click each utm file to import it

NOTE: The utm files are completely configured and use special networking. They will work as-is, but feel free to tweak memory, or other settings.

TODO:

Whonix on non-Apple Hardware Hackintosh

Info COMMUNITY SUPPORT ONLY : THIS wiki CHAPTER only is only supported by the community. Whonix developers are very unlikely to provide free support for this content. See Community Support for further information, including implications and possible alternatives.

Virtualization on osx86 aka "Hackintosh" machines with unmodified "vanilla" kernels works well, but some additional BIOS/UEFI settings need to be confirmed to ensure system stability. As of November 2018 Intel VT-darchive.org is not recommended, although some systems may function if it is enabled. Later BIOS revisions from American Megatrends Inc. (AMI) seem to have improved support compared to earlier releases.

AMD-Viarchive.org is not supported, since kernel modifications violating Apple Inc.'s End User License Agreement (EULA) are required to run macOS on platforms other than Intel. It is also recommended to disable the Integrated Graphics Processing Unit (IGPU) if PCIe graphicsarchive.org are in use, as well as disabling any SuperIO/Serial Port options if listed in BIOS. If virtualization problems related to unsupported architectures or features are encountered, please first consult appropriate community forums and wikis available on the Internet.

Miscellaneous macOS Advice[edit]

For miscellaneous advice, please press on learn more on the right.

Info COMMUNITY SUPPORT ONLY : THIS wiki CHAPTER only is only supported by the community. Whonix developers are very unlikely to provide free support for this content. See Community Support for further information, including implications and possible alternatives.

If the same VMs will be used on multiple systems like Boot Camp or even two different physical machines, then they can be moved to a shared or external hard drive:

  1. Copy the VirtualBox VMs folder mentioned earlier to the new location.
  2. Select the VMs you moved and then click remove.
  3. When prompted, select "Delete files".
  4. Re-add the VMs from their new location by selecting Machine=>Add, then navigating to the new folder.

exFATarchive.org is the easiest format for cross platform file sharing with Windows and Linux. exFAT is an option built into Apple's "Disk Utility.app" when initializing or reformatting a storage device. Select exFAT from the drop down menu that appears when you click "Erase". The default option is HFS+ on 10.13 "High Sierra" and earlier and APFS on 10.14 "Mojave".

Note that with its POSIXarchive.org kernel and BSD roots, many issues that arise on macOS hosts can be addressed using strategies similar to other Unix-like OSes.

See Also[edit]

We believe security software like Whonix needs to remain open source and independent. Would you help sustain and grow the project? Learn more about our 12 year success story and maybe DONATE!