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Money

General[edit]


Readers should understand that anonymous money and payments is a very difficult topic. If outdated or incorrect information is noted, please make direct edits or post in the Whonix forums about the issue; improvements are most welcome.

As noted on the Documentation home page:

Whonix is a technological means to anonymity, but staying safe necessitates complete behavioral change; it is a complex problem without an easy solution. The more you know, the safer you can be.

This is even truer here. Independent research is always recommended to verify the currency of information on this page or to discover if new developments have changed the situation. With greater knowledge, it is expected a stronger level of anonymity is possible.

Legality[edit]

As noted in the Bitcoin wiki: [1] [2]

Obviously, using Bitcoin anonymity techniques for the purposes of money laundering is illegal, but participating or running schemes which others use for money laundering may also be illegal or at least leave the participant vulnerable to accusations of aiding criminals and terrorists. Bitcoin anonymity techniques involving bitcoins worth large amounts of money (over some value between FJ$1,100 and US$58,000, depending on your jurisdiction) is illegal in most jurisdictions, being in violation of anti-structuring laws.

Payer Perspective[edit]

Method Anonymous Registration accepted [3] Usage over Tor allowed [4] Processor cannot freeze account
PayPal No No No
Western Union No ? No
Anonymous credit card, Giftcard, Paysafecard, Ukash, etc. [5] [6] ? ?
Bitcoin Yes Yes Yes
Bank transfer No No No
Cash by land mail No - Yes
Meeting in person No [7] - ?

Payee Perspective[edit]

Method Personal data transferred Accounting period Comment
PayPal E-mail address 5-10 minutes -
Western Union [8] ? up to a week transaction fees
Anonymous credit card, Giftcard, Paysafecard, Ukash, etc. [5] [6] < 1 minute only €, no $
Liberty Reserve Account number < 1 minute
Bitcoin [9] ~2 hours
Bank transfer Bank account number 1-3 days -
Cash by land mail [10] Fingerprint, DNA, handwriting, mail center location 1-7 days
Meeting in person [7] Needs setting up a meeting. -

Gratitude is expressed to JonDos for permission to use material from their website. (w) (w) [11] The "From Payment Receiver perspective" chapter of the Whonix Money wiki page contains content from the JonDonym payment page.

Payment Processor Perspective[edit]

Method No Personal data No IP Address No Transaction History
PayPal No No No [12]
Western Union ? No No [12]
Anonymous credit card, Giftcard, Paysafecard, Ukash, etc. [5] [6] No No [12]
Liberty Reserve ? No No [12]
Bitcoin [9] No No [13]
Bank transfer No No No [12]
Cash by land mail No [14] Yes [14] No
Meeting in person [7] Yes ?

Prepaid Cards[edit]

One can buy prepaid cards at a lot of newspaper stands, gas stations and supermarkets anonymously [15] using cash. In Germany there is a limit of 100 €/month due to the Gesetz über das Kreditwesen (Banking Act)[16].

Outlets selling cash codes (paysafecard, Ukash etc.) close to you may be found with the "Find sales outlets" search on the website of the provider. In order to a guarantee a smooth and anonymous deployment of cash codes you should consider the following advices:

  • Refrain from checking the cash codes before using them. Use the codes immediately. Due to restrictive security settings cash codes are blocked automatically if they are entered from more than one IP address.
  • If your cash code got blocked automatically, you could try writing an email to the support of the provider. If you provide a copy of that cash code they may give you a new one which is unblocked.

Gratitude is expressed to JonDos for permission to use material from their website. (w) (w) [17] The "Using prepaid cards" chapter of the Whonix Money wiki page contains content from the JonDonym anonymous payment page.

Bitcoin[edit]

See Bitcoin.

[edit]

After having installed bitcoin, please consider making a donation to Whonix to keep it running for the years to come.

Donate Bitcoin (BTC) to Whonix.

3D7s3VY5QhV7zuZjMo1Rp6NsomKEcyzxby

Monero[edit]

See Monero.

Ethereum[edit]

See Ethereum.

Ledger Hardware Wallet[edit]

See Ledger Hardware Wallet.

See Also[edit]

Sources / References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Anonymity
  2. Available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license.
  3. Accepted as in possible and as in account won't get closed once notified about the account being anonymous. There is no statement about this type of payment being legal in any legislative.
  4. Or possible. Obviously not possible to use an internet based anonymizer for real world activities such as snail mail or meeting in person.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named cashcard1
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named cashcard2
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Appearance, clothes, name?, date, time, if using a car: license plate number, etc. If someone can remember your appearance this can not be considered strong anonymity.
  8. Payment by Western Union is possible only for 40 Euro and above. You have to pay the complete transaction fees and it may take up to a week until payment arrives.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Bitcoin will be discussed in detail below.
  10. Please note: Neither third parties are liable for money sent by mail. Do not send registered letters with reply advice.
  11. Broken link: https://anonymous-proxy-servers.net/forum/viewtopic.php?p=31220#p31220
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 Transaction history, i.e. which account number paid how much, at which point, to whom, is available to the payment processor, authorities, tax investigation and an unknown number of other parties.
  13. Quoted from theymos, bitcointalk.org administrator https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=241.0 : "The history of a coin is publicly available. Anyone can see the flow of BitCoins from address to address."
  14. 14.0 14.1 ATM registers serial numbers of bank notes, where and when given to whom. Often cameras watch the ATM's. Credit card number is very often tied to card holder data.
  15. Please see the comparison about for further comments on how anonymous it is.
  16. http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/kredwg/__25i.html
  17. Broken link: https://anonymous-proxy-servers.net/forum/viewtopic.php?p=31220#p31220

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