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Using Tor Browser in Qubes-Whonix ™

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Start Tor Browser[edit]

Qubes Start MenuWhonix-Workstation ™ AppVM (commonly called anon-whonix)Tor Browser

Update Tor Browser[edit]

Ambox warning pn.svg.png Do not run Tor Browser in a TemplateVM (whonix-ws-15) or DisposableVM Template (whonix-ws-15-dvm)!

Unfortunately, updating Tor Browser is more complex than regular system updates due to technical limitations outside of Whonix's control. [1] Apply the following instructions to keep Tor Browser up-to-date at all times.

New AppVMs and DisposableVMs[edit]

In Qubes-Whonix ™, Tor Browser Downloader by Whonix (update-torbrowser) automatically runs when the Whonix-Workstation ™ TemplateVM (whonix-ws-15) package tb-updater is updated. Therefore, running Tor Browser Downloader by Whonix inside the TemplateVM (whonix-ws-15) ensures that new AppVMs and DispVMs are created with a copy of the latest Tor Browser version.

If the Tor Browser Downloader by Whonix package tb-updater has not been updated yet, it is advised to manually run it in the Whonix-Workstation ™ TemplateVM (whonix-ws-15). For instructions, see Tor Browser Downloader by Whonix ™.

DisposableVM Template[edit]

Ambox warning pn.svg.png Do not run Tor Browser Downloader by Whonix inside the DisposableVM Template (whonix-ws-15-dvm)! It should only be run in the TemplateVM (whonix-ws-15) or in a whonix-ws-15-based AppVM (anon-whonix). [2] [3]

For further information on installing, updating and using Tor Browser in Qubes DispVMs, see: How to use DisposableVMs in Qubes-Whonix ™.

Existing AppVMs[edit]

Follow these steps to update Tor Browser in an existing Whonix-Workstation ™ AppVM such as anon-whonix:

  1. Start Tor Browser: Qubes Start MenuWhonix-Workstation ™ AppVM (commonly called anon-whonix)Tor Browser
  2. Use Tor Browser Internal Updater.

Summary[edit]

Tor Browser Downloader (by Whonix ™ developers):

Tor Browser Downloader (by Whonix ™ developers) is useful to run in:

  • Whonix-Workstation ™ TemplateVM (whonix-ws-15): to ensure that new AppVMs and DispVMs are created with a copy of the latest Tor Browser version.
  • Whonix-Workstation ™ AppVM (anon-whonix): to re-install the latest Tor Browser version in existing Whonix-Workstation ™ AppVMs.

Tor Browser Downloader (by Whonix ™ developers) less useful to run in:

  • DispVMs: because upgrades won't persist

Tor Browser Downloader (by Whonix ™ developers) should not be run in:

  • DisposableVM Template (whonix-ws-15-dvm)

Tor Browser:

Tor Browser is useful to run in:

  • Whonix-Workstation ™ AppVM (anon-whonix)
  • DispVMs

Tor Browser should not be run in:

  • Whonix-Workstation ™ TemplateVM (whonix-ws-15)
  • DisposableVM Template (whonix-ws-15-dvm)

See Also[edit]

Footnotes / References[edit]

  1. Tor Browser Update: Technical Details
  2. It is possible to run Tor Browser Downloader by Whonix inside a DispVM as well -- probably easiest using Tor Browser Internal Updater -- and then restart Tor Browser. However, these updates will not persist due to the DispVM design.
  3. See tb-updater in Qubes Template VM for technical details.


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