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YaCy

Introduction[edit]

YaCy is a p2p, censorship resistant libre search engine. It can be configured to crawl the internet and private intranets.[1]

How-To[edit]

Install[edit]

1. Before adding the repo[2][3], fetch the key and verify[4] fingerprints. Always check the fingerprint for yourself. The output at the moment is:

pub  2048R/0x1F968B3903D886E7 2012-01-07 Michael Peter Christen <mc@yacy.net>
      Key fingerprint = 8BD7 5250 1CB6 2448 A30E  A3EA 1F96 8B39 03D8 86E7

Download key with curl to home folder.

curl -o yacy-pubkey.asc http://debian.yacy.net/yacy_orbiter_key.asc

Check fingerprints/owners without importing anything.

gpg --keyid-format long --with-fingerprint yacy-pubkey.asc

If it looks good import into trusted.gpg.d.

gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring ./yacy-pubkey.gpg --import yacy-pubkey.asc
sudo cp yacy-pubkey.gpg /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/yacy-pubkey.gpg
echo 'deb http://debian.yacy.net ./' > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/yacy.list 
sudo apt-get update -qq
sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jre-headless 
sudo apt-get install yacy

To read more on managing YaCy, consult the official documentation.

2. A proxy exception in Tor Browser must be configured to interact with YaCy. Tor Browser blocks communication with localhost to mitigate some fingerprinting attacks[5]. Note that this exception has fingerprinting implications in event of a website actively abusing JavaScript, but its still much safer than using another browser [6]. To mitigate the risks completely, you are advised to disable scripts globally in NoScript and permit them only when really necessary - a good practice anyhow.

To reconfigure Tor Browser so you can access the local web interface, apply the following six steps.

TODO: Check with TBB series 7.0+ once it becomes stable. There are alpha series bug reports that it doesn't work https://forums.whonix.org/t/new-version-of-tbb-no-longer-accepts-foxyproxy-plugin/2565/32


Step One: Make the tbb-foxyproxy config file available to Tor Browser. [7] [8]

Run:

cp /usr/share/usability-misc/tbb-foxyproxy/foxyproxy.xml /home/user/.tb/tor-browser/Browser/TorBrowser/Data/Browser/profile.default/


Step Two: Download and install the add-on:

Browser Settings -> Add-ons -> Search: "foxyproxy" -> Install: FoxyProxy Standard

This is safe to do since all add-ons on Mozilla's servers are now signed and verified by FireFox 43+.[9]


Step Three: Restart Tor Browser.


To reverse this and restore the default Tor Browser fingerprint its best to use a VM snapshot taken before installing the add-on. Re-downloading Tor Browser is another option in case no snapshot was taken. Alternatively FoxyProxy can be removed via about:addons -> Extensions menu.

Note: Tor Browser will soon ship with sandboxing on an opt-in basis. Unfortunately the initial sandbox versions are incompatible with such configurations and must not be enabled.[10]

3. To access the WebUI open 127.0.0.1:8090 in Tor Browser.

OPTIONAL

To integrate YaCy with Tor Browser you can install the official YaCyBar add-on from Mozilla. N.B. This option is not possible right now because the add-on code needs a revamp.

Development[edit]

Looks like socks proxy support is not coming anytime soon:
http://mantis.tokeek.de/view.php?id=219


Random News:

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  1. https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/how-to-configure-yacy-as-an-alternative-search-engine-or-site-search-tool
  2. http://debian.yacy.net/
  3. http://www.yacy-websuche.de/wiki/index.php/En:DebianInstall
  4. http://debian.yacy.net/yacy_orbiter_key.asc
  5. https://phabricator.whonix.org/T291#5252
  6. https://trac.torproject.org/projects/tor/ticket/10419#comment:37
  7. https://github.com/Whonix/usability-misc
  8. https://github.com/Whonix/usability-misc/blob/master/usr/share/usability-misc/tbb-foxyproxy/foxyproxy.xml
  9. https://wiki.mozilla.org/Add-ons/Extension_Signing
  10. https://lists.torproject.org/pipermail/tor-dev/2016-December/011733.html