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YaCy is a p2p, censorship resistant libre search engine. It can be configured to crawl the internet and private intranets.[1]



1. Before adding the repo[2][3], fetch the key and verify[4] fingerprints. Always check the fingerprint for yourself. The output at the moment is:

pub  2048R/0x1F968B3903D886E7 2012-01-07 Michael Peter Christen <mc@yacy.net>
      Key fingerprint = 8BD7 5250 1CB6 2448 A30E  A3EA 1F96 8B39 03D8 86E7

Download key with curl to home folder.

curl -o yacy-pubkey.asc http://debian.yacy.net/yacy_orbiter_key.asc

Check fingerprints/owners without importing anything.

gpg --with-fingerprint yacy-pubkey.asc

If it looks good import into trusted.gpg.d.

gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring ./yacy-pubkey.gpg --import yacy-pubkey.asc
sudo cp yacy-pubkey.gpg /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/yacy-pubkey.gpg
echo 'deb http://debian.yacy.net ./' > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/yacy.list 
sudo apt-get update -qq
sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jre-headless 
sudo apt-get install yacy

To read more on managing YaCy, consult the official documentation.

2. A proxy exception in TBB must be configured to interact with YaCy. TBB blocks communication with localhost to mitigate some fingerprinting attacks[5]. Note that this exception has fingerprinting implications in event of a website actively abusing JavaScript, but its still much safer than using another browser [6]. To mitigate the risks completely, you are advised to disable scripts globally in NoScript and permit them only when really necessary - a good practice anyhow.

Install FoxyProxy:

sudo apt-get install xul-ext-foxyproxy-standard

To access the proxy/local WebUI of the desired application, the FoxyProxy add-on and its configuration need to be made available to Tor Browser. Run:

ln -s /usr/share/xul-ext/foxyproxy-standard/ /home/user/.tb/tor-browser/Browser/TorBrowser/Data/Browser/profile.default/extensions/foxyproxy@eric.h.jung

Make the tbb-foxyprox config file available to Tor Browser. [7]

cp /usr/share/usability-misc/tbb-foxyproxy/foxyproxy.xml /home/user/.tb/tor-browser/Browser/TorBrowser/Data/Browser/profile.default/

Restart Tor Browser.

To reverse this action and restore Tor Browser's default fingerprint run:

rm /home/user/.tb/tor-browser/Browser/TorBrowser/Data/Browser/profile.default/extensions/foxyproxy@eric.h.jung

Note: Tor Browser will soon ship with sandboxing as opt-in, unfortunately this feature's initial versions are incompatible with such configurations and must not be enabled.[8]

3. To access the WebUI open in Tor Browser.


To integrate YaCy with Tor Browser you can install the official YaCyBar add-on from Mozilla. N.B. This option is not possible right now because the add-on code needs a revamp.


Looks like socks proxy support is not coming anytime soon:

Random News:

Did you know, that Whonix could provide protection against backdoors? See Verifiable Builds. Help wanted.

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  1. https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/how-to-configure-yacy-as-an-alternative-search-engine-or-site-search-tool
  2. http://debian.yacy.net/
  3. http://www.yacy-websuche.de/wiki/index.php/En:DebianInstall
  4. http://debian.yacy.net/yacy_orbiter_key.asc
  5. https://phabricator.whonix.org/T291#5252
  6. https://trac.torproject.org/projects/tor/ticket/10419#comment:37
  7. https://github.com/Whonix/usability-misc https://github.com/Whonix/usability-misc/blob/master/usr/share/usability-misc/tbb-foxyproxy/foxyproxy.xml
  8. https://lists.torproject.org/pipermail/tor-dev/2016-December/011733.html