How-to: Use Electrum Bitcoin Wallet in Whonix - Manual Installation

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Manual installation from upstream ( of Electrum AppImage.


See Electrum wiki page for introduction and warnings!

Primarily refer to the Electrum wiki page! Use this page only in case newer versions of Electrum are desired!

Info Prerequisite knowledge: refer to the Frozen Packages and Application Specific Update Indicators entries in the Operating System Software and Updates chapter.

Info COMMUNITY SUPPORT ONLY : THIS WHOLE WIKI PAGE is only supported by the community. Whonix developers are very unlikely to provide free support for this content. See Community Support for further information, including implications and possible alternatives.

Install Electrum[edit]

Installation Steps[edit]

Note: The following instructions should be applied in Whonix-Workstation (Qubes-Whonix: anon-whonix).

1. Open a terminal.

If you are using Qubes-Whonix, complete the following steps.

Qubes App Launcher (blue/grey "Q")Whonix-Workstation App Qube (commonly named anon-whonix)Xfce Terminal

If you are using a graphical Whonix with Xfce, run.

Start MenuXfce Terminal

2. Import the gpg public key of Electrum developer Thomas Voegtlin. [1]

  • Digital signatures: A tool enhancing download security. Commonly used across the internet.
  • Learn more: Curious? Learn more about digital software signatures.
  • Optional: Digital signatures are optional. If you've never used them before, there might be no need to start now.
  • No worries: New to digital software signatures? It's okay, no need to worry.
  • Not a requirement: Not mandatory for using Whonix, but an extra security measure for advanced users.

Securely download the signing key.


Display the key's fingerprint.

gpg --keyid-format long --import --import-options show-only --with-fingerprint ThomasV.asc

Verify the fingerprint. It should show.

Note: Key fingerprints provided on the Whonix website are for convenience only. The Whonix project does not have the authorization or the resources to function as a certificate authority, and therefore cannot verify the identity or authenticity of key fingerprints. The ultimate responsibility for verifying the authenticity of the key fingerprint and correctness of the verification instructions rests with the user.

In early-2019, the output is identical to the following image.

Figure: Fingerprint Verification

Key fingerprint = 6694 D8DE 7BE8 EE56 31BE D950 2BD5 824B 7F94 70E6

The most important check is confirming the key fingerprint exactly matches the output above. [2]

warning Warning:

Do not continue if the fingerprint does not match! This risks using infected or erroneous files! The whole point of verification is to confirm file integrity.

Add the signing key.

gpg --import ThomasV.asc

3. Download the Electrum AppImage.

Note: At the time of writing, electrum-4.5.4 was the latest stable release. Before starting the Electrum download, browse to to verify the correct file path. Then download the file with scurl. [3]


5. Check the Electrum AppImage is not corrupted after download. [4]

To check the Electrum AppImage, run.

file electrum*.AppImage

The following output indicates a corrupted and/or non-existent AppImage file.

electrum-4.5.4-x86_64.AppImage: HTML document, ASCII text, with very long lines

In that case, delete the file and try downloading the AppImage again.

6. Download the corresponding gpg signature.

It is necessary to verify the integrity of the AppImage with the correct signature.

Note: If users downloaded a later Electrum version at step 4, then modify the following command to match the corresponding signature file. [5]


7. Verify the integrity of the AppImage image.

Note: This command must be run in the same directory as the downloaded AppImage and signature.

gpg --verify electrum-4.5.4-x86_64.AppImage.ThomasV.asc electrum-4.5.4-x86_64.AppImage

If the file is verified successfully, the output will include Good signature, which is the most important thing to check.

Figure: Good Signature [6]

gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature!
gpg:          There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner.

This message does not alter the validity of the signature related to the downloaded key. Rather, this warning refers to the level of trust placed in the Whonix signing key and the web of trust. To remove this warning, the Whonix signing key must be personally signed with your own key.

If the following "gpg: BAD signature" message appears, the AppImage has been corrupted or altered during the download process.

Figure: Bad Signature

In this event, delete both the AppImage and signature and either wait 10-15 minutes for the Tor circuits to change, or open up the Nyx Tor Controller in Whonix-Gateway (Qubes-Whonix: sys-whonix) and type "n" to create new Tor circuits. Wait for a random period of time before repeating the steps to download the AppImage and signature.

8. Change file permissions.

Make the electrum AppImage executable.

chmod +x electrum-4.5.4-x86_64.AppImage

9. Done.

The installation of the electrum AppImage has been completed.

Start Electrum[edit]

Info Users should create a wallet with a strong password!

Please refer to the official Documentation at for comprehensive instructions, as well as more advanced topics like Cold of private keys.

To start Electrum on all platforms, run.


Qubes-Whonix users are recommended to configure a Split Bitcoin to better protect their private keys. To protect against identity correlation through Tor circuit sharing, follow the instructions below (see Stream Isolation for more information).

Electrum: First Run[edit]

Info These steps enable Stream Isolation for the Electrum application.

1. Configure a manual server connection.

When Electrum is started for the first time, users are met with the prompt: "How do you want to connect to a server?".

Choose Select server manually and press Next.

Figure: Server Setting

2. Change the proxy settings.

The necessary settings are:

  • Proxy: SOCKS5
  • Host:
  • Port: 9111

Press Next and the application should be fully functional.

Figure: SOCKS5 Proxy Configuration

Note: If Electrum is already set up but stream isolation was not enabled, then navigate to ToolsNetwork in Electrum to bring up the server and proxy settings.

Add Application Launcher to Start Menu[edit]

Info This step is optional.

1. Create folder ~/.local/share/applications.

mkdir -p ~/.local/share/applications

2. Create a new file ~/.local/share/applications/electrum.desktop using an editor.

mousepad ~/.local/share/applications/electrum.desktop

3. Paste the following contents.

[Desktop Entry] Type=Application Exec=/home/user/electrum-4.5.4-x86_64.AppImage Name=electrum Categories=Other

4. Save the file.

5. Done.

The procedure is now complete.

6. Start using the launcher.

The launcher can be found here:

Start MenuOtherelectrum


After installing Electrum, please consider making a donation to Whonix to keep it running for years to come.

Bitcoin accepted here Donate Bitcoin (BTC) to Whonix.



  2. Minor changes in the output such as new uids (email addresses) or newer expiration dates are inconsequential.
  3. To find the correct image download: "Right-click" AppImage"Select" Copy Link LocationAppend to scurl command.
  4. Due to recent DDoS attacks.
  5. To find the correct signature file download: "Right-click" signature"Select" Copy Link Location"Append" to scurl command
  6. gpg: Signature made Mon 19 Jul 2021 02:22:33 PM EDT
    gpg:                using RSA key 6694D8DE7BE8EE5631BED9502BD5824B7F9470E6
    gpg: Good signature from "Thomas Voegtlin ( <>" [unknown]
    gpg:                 aka "ThomasV <>" [unknown]
    gpg:                 aka "Thomas Voegtlin <>" [unknown]
    gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature!
    gpg:          There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner.
    Primary key fingerprint: 6694 D8DE 7BE8 EE56 31BE  D950 2BD5 824B 7F94 70E6

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