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Change the System or Tor Browser Language

From Whonix

Introduction[edit]

The system language used in Whonix ™ is easily changed. The technical steps are identical to the Debian method because Whonix ™ is based on Debian GNU/Linux and XFCE (or KDE). Users can also refer to Debian or XFCE/KDE upstream documentation. It is also easy to change the language in Tor Browser (see further below). Native English speakers do not need to make any changes.

System[edit]

All Languages[edit]

1. Open a terminal.

Start menuApplicationsSystemTerminal

2. Update the package lists.

sudo apt-get update

3. Search for available language packs.

apt-cache search kde-l10n

Or search the Debian package archive.

4. Install a language pack.

In the example below, replace -ar with the preferred language.

sudo apt-get install kde-l10n-ar

5. Change the KDE setting.

Start menuApplicationsSystemSystem SettingsLocaleLanguagesChange Language

Russian[edit]

1. Open a terminal.

Start menuApplicationsSystemTerminal.

2. Reconfigure locales.

sudo dpkg-reconfigure locales

From the list of enabled and available locales, uncheck/disable everything except for English and Russian.

en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8
ru_RU.UTF-8 UTF-8

Note: If any other locales are enabled, ??????? (question mark) characters will appear instead of Cyrillic script when typing in the terminal.

3. Reboot Whonix-Workstation ™.

This is required for the changes to take effect.

Korean[edit]

Note: The steps below were originally outlined in the Whonix ™ forums by an anonymous poster. That thread can be used for follow-up support questions.

1. Open a terminal.

Start menuApplicationsSystemTerminal

2. Update the package lists.

sudo apt-get update

3. View the available language packs.

apt-cache search kde-i18n

4. Install the Korean language pack.

sudo apt-get install kde-l10n-ko

5. Install Korean fonts.

sudo apt-get install fonts-unfonts-core

Open system settings and set eungulim as KDE's font.

6. Open a terminal and reconfigure locales.

sudo dpkg-reconfigure locales

Set ko KR.UTF-8 UTF-8 as the default locale.

7. Install nabi.

sudo apt-get install nabi

Restart the Whonix-Workstation ™ and start nabi. The Korean script is now available system-wide for writing and reading.

Tor Browser[edit]

Using one of the methods below is sufficient to change the language in Tor Browser.

Config File Method[edit]

Complete these steps in Whonix-Workstation ™.

Thirty language packs are available for Tor Browser as of 2019:

  • English (en-US)
  • Arabic (ar)
  • Catalan (ca)
  • Czech (cs)
  • Danish (da)
  • German (de)
  • Greek (el)
  • Spanish (es-ES)
  • Spanish - Argentina (es-AR)
  • Persian/Farsi (fa)
  • French (fr)
  • Irish (ga-IE)
  • Hebrew (he)
  • Hungarian (hu)
  • Indonesian (id)
  • Icelandic (is)
  • Italian (it)
  • Japanese (ja)
  • Georgian (ka)
  • Korean (ko)
  • Norwegian (nb-NO)
  • Dutch (nl)
  • Polish (pl)
  • Brazilian Portuguese (pt-BR)
  • Russian (ru)
  • Swedish (sv-SE)
  • Turkish (tr)
  • Vietnamese (vi)
  • Chinese (zh-CN)
  • Traditional Chinese (zh-TW)

To check if further languages are supported in the future, visit: https://www.torproject.org/download/languages/

Binaries and supported language packs are listed by Tor Browser version. The nomenclature for language packs is classified according to 639-1 codes.

1. Open the Tor Browser configuration file.

Open /etc/torbrowser.d/50_user.conf in an editor with root rights.

This box uses lxsu for root privilege escalation and mousepad as editor. These are examples. Other tools could archive the same goal too. If these example tools do not work for you or if you are not using Whonix, please press on Expand on the right side.

The easiest would be to install these example tools lxsu mousepad so you can keep copying and pasting these instructions.

Update the package lists.

sudo apt-get update

Upgrade the system.

sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

Install the --no-install-recommends lxsu mousepad package.

sudo apt-get install --no-install-recommends lxsu mousepad

The procedure is complete.

Alternatively you could also use other tools which may already be installed by default.

gksudo gedit /etc/torbrowser.d/50_user.conf

sudoedit /etc/torbrowser.d/50_user.conf

If you are using a graphical Whonix or Qubes-Whonix ™ with XFCE, run.

lxsu mousepad /etc/torbrowser.d/50_user.conf

If you are using a terminal-only Whonix, run.

sudo nano /etc/torbrowser.d/50_user.conf

2. Add the relevant language.

For example, to add Vietnamese.

TB_LANG="vi"

Replace vi with zh-CN for Chinese and so on.

3. Save and download a new version.

After changing this setting, use Tor Browser Downloader by Whonix ™ to install a new version. Afterwards, Tor Browser will support the user's native language.

Mozilla Firefox Language Pack Method[edit]

Complete these steps in Whonix-Workstation ™.

1. Start Tor Browser.

2. Check Tor Browser's Firefox ESR version.

Tor Browser URL barabout:support

The version output should be similar to: 60.7.0esr

3. Install a language pack.

Visit https://download-origin.cdn.mozilla.net/pub/firefox/releases/60.7.0esr/linux-i686/xpi/ and install the required language pack.

Note: 60.7.0 in the above URL needs to be changed to match the Firefox ESR version Tor Browser is based on.

4. Restart Tor Browser.

Tor Browser will now default to the user's native language.

Debian Firefox Language Pack Method[edit]

Info Untested. Please test and leave feedback.

Complete these steps in Whonix-Workstation ™.

1. Update the package lists.

sudo apt-get update

2. Search for available language packs.

apt-cache search firefox-esr-l10n-

3. Install a language pack.

In the example below, replace -de with the preferred language.

sudo apt-get install firefox-esr-l10n-de

4. Change the necessary Tor Browser setting. [1]

sudo find /usr/lib/firefox-esr/browser/extensions -maxdepth 1 -name 'langpack*.xpi' -exec ln -s '{}' /home/user/.tb/tor-browser/Data/profile/extensions/ ';'

Footnotes[edit]


No comments for now due to spam. Use Whonix forums instead.


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