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Change the System or Tor Browser Language

Introduction[edit]

The system language used in Whonix ™ is easily changed. The technical steps are identical to the Debian method because Whonix ™ is based on Debian GNU/Linux and KDE. Users can also refer to Debian or KDE upstream documentation. It is also easy to change the language in Tor Browser (see further below). Native English speakers do not need to make any changes.

System[edit]

All Languages[edit]

Open a terminal.

Start menu -> Applications -> System -> Terminal

Update the package lists.

sudo apt-get update

Search for available language packs.

apt-cache search kde-l10n

Or search the Debian package archive.

Install a language pack. In the example below, replace -ar with the preferred language.

sudo apt-get install kde-l10n-ar

Change the KDE setting.

Start menu -> Applications -> System -> System Settings -> Locale -> Languages -> Change Language

Russian[edit]

Open a terminal.

Start menu -> Applications -> System -> Terminal.

Reconfigure locales.

sudo dpkg-reconfigure locales

From the list of enabled and available locales, uncheck/disable everything except for English and Russian.

en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8
ru_RU.UTF-8 UTF-8

Note: If any other locales are enabled, ??????? (question mark) characters will appear instead of Cyrillic script when typing in the terminal.

Reboot Whonix-Workstation ™ for the changes to take effect.

Korean[edit]

Note: The steps below were originally outlined in the Whonix ™ forums by an anonymous poster. That thread can be used for follow-up support questions.

Open a terminal.

Start menu -> Applications -> System -> Terminal

Update the package lists.

sudo apt-get update

View the available language packs.

apt-cache search kde-i18n

Install the Korean language pack.

sudo apt-get install kde-l10n-ko

Install Korean fonts.

sudo apt-get install ttf-unfonts-core ttf-unfont-extra

Open system settings and set eungulim as KDE's font.

Open a terminal and reconfigure locales.

sudo dpkg-reconfigure locales

Set ko KR.UTF-8 UTF-8 as the default locale.

Install nabi.

apt-get install nabi

Restart the Whonix-Workstation ™ and start nabi. The Korean script is now available system-wide for writing and reading.

Tor Browser[edit]

Using one of these methods below is sufficient to change the language in Tor Browser.

Config File Method[edit]

Complete these steps in Whonix-Workstation ™.

Twenty-five language packs are available for Tor Browser as of September 2018:

  • English (en-US)
  • Arabic (ar)
  • Catalan (ca)
  • Danish (da)
  • German (de)
  • Spanish (es-ES)
  • Persian/Farsi (fa)
  • French (fr)
  • Irish (ga-IE)
  • Hebrew (he)
  • Indonesian (id)
  • Icelandic (is)
  • Italian (it)
  • Japanese (ja)
  • Korean (ko)
  • Norwegian (nb-NO)
  • Dutch (nl)
  • Polish (pl)
  • Brazilian Portuguese (pt-BR)
  • Russian (ru)
  • Swedish (sv-SE)
  • Turkish (tr)
  • Vietnamese (vi)
  • Chinese (zh-CN)
  • Traditional Chinese (zh-TW)

To check if further languages are supported in the future, visit: https://www.torproject.org/dist/torbrowser/

Binaries and supported language packs are listed by Tor Browser version. The nomenclature for language packs is classified according to 639-1 codes.

Open /etc/torbrowser.d/50_user.conf in an editor with root rights.

If you are using a graphical Whonix or Qubes-Whonix ™ with KDE, run.

kdesudo kwrite /etc/torbrowser.d/50_user.conf

If you are using a graphical Whonix or Qubes-Whonix ™ with XFCE, run.

kdesudo mousepad /etc/torbrowser.d/50_user.conf

If you are using a terminal-only Whonix, run.

sudo nano /etc/torbrowser.d/50_user.conf

And add for example.

TB_LANG="vi"

Replace vi with zh-CN for Chinese and so on.

Save.

After changing this setting, use Tor Browser Downloader by Whonix ™ to install a new version. Afterwards, Tor Browser will support the user's native language.

Mozilla Firefox Language Pack Method[edit]

Complete these steps in Whonix-Workstation ™.

1. Start Tor Browser.

2. Check Tor Browser's Firefox ESR version.

Tor Browser -> Help -> About Tor Browser

The output should be something like: 60.3.0

3. Install a language pack.

Visit https://download-origin.cdn.mozilla.net/pub/firefox/releases/60.3.0esr/linux-i686/xpi/ and install the required language pack.

Note: 60.3.0 in the above URL needs to be changed to match the Firefox ESR version Tor Browser is based on.

4. Restart Tor Browser.

Tor Browser will now default to the user's native language.

Debian Firefox Language Pack Method[edit]


Complete these steps in Whonix-Workstation ™.

Update the package lists.

sudo apt-get update

Search for available language packs.

apt-cache search firefox-esr-l10n-

Install a language pack. In the example below, replace -de with the preferred language.

sudo apt-get install firefox-esr-l10n-de

Change the necessary Tor Browser setting. [1]

sudo find /usr/lib/firefox-esr/browser/extensions -maxdepth 1 -name 'langpack*.xpi' -exec ln -s '{}' /home/user/.tb/tor-browser/Data/profile/extensions/ ';'


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