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Tor Browser: Manual Download

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Introduction[edit]

Qubes info box Note: From Whonix ™ 14, Firefox-ESR is no longer installed by default and must be manually installed via Whonix-Workstation ™ Konsole for these instructions.

  • Non-Whonix ™ Platforms: If Firefox is available and Tor Browser is to be installed on a non-Whonix ™ platform, proceed to Download and Install Tor Browser. Otherwise, first install Firefox on the respective platform and configure the setting for clearnet onion connections, if desired.
  • Whonix: If Tor Browser is not installed, then it can be downloaded by using Firefox-ESR. Only complete this action for downloading Tor Browser and nothing else.

Manually Downloading Tor Browser[edit]

Install Firefox-ESR Web Browser[edit]

1. Install Firefox-ESR.

In Whonix-Workstation ™ Konsole, run.

sudo apt-get install firefox-esr

2. Optional: Configure clearnet onion service connections.

If users intend to connect to the Tor Project's onion service to download Tor Browser, then adjust the following Firefox-ESR setting to permit these connections.

In Firefox address bar: about:configI accept the risk!network.dns.blockDotOniontoggle to false.

Download and Install Tor Browser[edit]

[1]

Ambox notice.png To use onion services rather than standard Tor Project servers in these instructions, substitute the links below:

Ambox notice.png Qubes-Whonix ™ note:

  • AppVM: The following instructions should be run in anon-whonix.
  • TemplateVM: Tor Browser upgrades in the whonix-ws-15 TemplateVM are only inherited by newly created AppVMs. In addition, Tor Browser must be stored in /var/cache/tb-binary/.tb rather than /home/user/.tb. For further information, see Qubes-specific Tor Browser issues.
  1. Navigate to https://dist.torproject.org/ [archive] and download Tor Browser and the associated (.asc) file signature. Store it in /home/user/.tb.
  2. Read https://www.torproject.org/docs/signing-keys.html [archive] to learn which PGP keys sign which packages.
  3. Read https://www.torproject.org/docs/verifying-signatures.html.en [archive] and learn how to perform GPG verification. Download and import the necessary keys.
  4. Verify the Tor Browser download.
  5. Navigate to /home/user/.tb with the file manger. Dolphin example: DolphinViewShow Hidden Files
  6. If the old version of Tor Browser is still open, close it.
  7. Rename the old /home/user/.tb/tor-browser to something else.
  8. Extract Tor Browser: Right-click on the downloaded archiveextractextract archive here
  9. The process is complete.
  10. To start Tor Browser: [2]
  • If intending to use a graphical user interface: Start Tor Browser from the start menu.
  • If intending to use a terminal, run the following command.

torbrowser

Footnotes[edit]

  1. Note on platform support: Qubes-Whonix ™ and Non-Qubes-Whonix ™ users should use the 64-bit version.
  2. Note this will not result in a Tor over Tor scenario when using Tor Browser. Whonix has a mechanism to disable Tor stacking.


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