Tor Browser: Manual Download

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Tor Browser is installed by default inside Whonix. It is usually updated using its own internal updater.

Tor Browser Downloader (by Whonix developers) can be used to re-install Tor Browser.

Manually downloading Tor Browser is also possible, which is documented on this wiki page. This might useful in case Tor Browser Downloader is ever broken.


  • Non-Whonix Platforms: If Firefox is available and Tor Browser is to be installed on a non-Whonix platform, proceed to Download and Install Tor Browser. Otherwise, first install Firefox on the respective platform and configure the setting for clearnet onion connections, if desired.
  • Whonix: If Tor Browser is not installed, then it can be downloaded by using Firefox-ESR. Only complete this action for downloading Tor Browser and nothing else.

Manually Downloading Tor Browser[edit]

Install Firefox-ESR Web Browser[edit]

1. Is a functional browser already available?

  • If yes: This browser installation chapter can be skipped.
  • If no: A functional browser is recommended to be installed to able to follow further instructions.

2. Note: Firefox-ESR is used as en example here. Any browser should work.

3. Install Firefox-ESR.

In Whonix-Workstation terminal, run.

Install package(s) firefox-esr. Follow steps A to D.

A. Platform specific notice.

B. Kicksecure logo Update the package lists and upgrade the system The Web Archive Onion Version .

sudo apt update && sudo apt full-upgrade

C. Install the firefox-esr package(s).

Using apt command line parameter is in most cases optional.

sudo apt install --no-install-recommends firefox-esr

D. Platform specific notice.

E. Done.

The procedure of installing package(s) firefox-esr is complete.

4. Optional: Configure clearnet onion service connections.

If users intend to connect to the Tor Project's onion service to download Tor Browser, then adjust the following Firefox-ESR setting to permit these connections.

In Firefox address bar: about:configI accept the risk!network.dns.blockDotOniontoggle to false.

5. Done.

Browser installation completed. Please proceed with instructions below.

Download and Install Tor Browser[edit]


Platform Specific Notice:

  • Non-Qubes-Whonix: No special notice.
  • Qubes-Whonix:
    • App Qube: The following instructions should be run in anon-whonix.
    • Template: Tor Browser upgrades in the whonix-workstation-17 Template are only inherited by newly created App Qube. In addition, Tor Browser must be stored in folder /var/cache/tb-binary/.tb rather than in folder /home/user/.tb. For further information, see Qubes-specific Tor Browser issues.
  1. Make sure folder /home/user/.tb exists. mkdir --parents /home/user/.tb
  2. Navigate to The Web Archive Onion Version and download Tor Browser and the associated file signature (.asc). Store it in folder /home/user/.tb.
  3. Read The Web Archive Onion Version and learn how to perform digital software signature verification ("gpg"). Download and import the necessary keys.
  4. Perform digital software signature verification for the Tor Browser download.
  5. Navigate to folder /home/user/.tb with a file manger. Thunar example: ThunarViewShow Hidden Files
  6. If the old version of Tor Browser is still open, close it.
  7. If there already is a folder /home/user/.tb/tor-browser, rename the old /home/user/.tb/tor-browser to something else.
  8. Extract Tor Browser: Right-click on the downloaded archiveextractextract archive here
  9. The process is complete.
  10. To start Tor Browser: [2]
  • A) If intending to use a graphical user interface: Start Tor Browser from the start menu.
  • B) If intending to use a terminal, run the following command: torbrowser
  • C) Starting Tor Browser directly without Tor Browser Starter (/usr/bin/torbrowser) by Whonix: ~/.tb/tor-browser/Browser/start-tor-browser
  • D) Same as above in debug mode: ~/.tb/tor-browser/Browser/start-tor-browser --debug


  1. Note on platform support: Qubes-Whonix and Non-Qubes-Whonix users should use the 64-bit version.
  2. Note this will not result in a Tor over Tor scenario when using Tor Browser. Whonix has a mechanism to disable Tor stacking.

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